Some antiseptics are true germicidescapable of destroying microbes bacteriocidalwhile others are bacteriostatic and only prevent or inhibit their growth.
Antibacterials include antiseptics that have the proven ability to act against bacteria. Microbicides which destroy virus particles are called viricides or antivirals. Antifungalsalso known as an antimycoticsalcohol and antibacterial, are pharmaceutical fungicides used to treat and prevent mycosis fungal infection. Some of this work was anticipated by:. After continued exposure to antibiotics, bacteria may evolve to the point where they are no longer harmed by these compounds.
Bacteria can also develop a resistance to antiseptics, but the effect is generally less pronounced. The mechanisms by which bacteria evolve may vary in response to different antiseptics. Low concentrations of an antiseptic may encourage growth of a bacterial strain that is resistant to the antiseptic, where a higher concentration of the antiseptic would simply kill the bacteria.
In addition, use of an excessively high concentration of an antiseptic may cause tissue damage or slow the process of wound healing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the album by the Germs, see Germicide album. Not to be confused with Antibiotic. Antibiotic resistance and Multiple drug resistance. Archived from the original on 10 October Activity, Action, and Resistance", alcohol and antibacterial.
This source provides a summary of antiseptic techniques as understood at the time. Proceedings of the Royal Society. Qual Saf Health Care. An Area of Controversy: Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 4 March Archived from the original on 18 June Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 15 March Used in Food, Drugs and Archived from the original on 16 April Archived from the original on 12 April Archived from the original on 19 March Retrieved 28 April Cause for Concern Stuart B.
Archived from the original on 4 September Archived PDF from the original on 3 March Antiseptics and disinfectants D Ethacridine lactate ranitidine and children Euflavine. Dibrompropamidine Chlorhexidine Propamidine Hexamidine Polihexanide. Dequalinium Chlorquinaldol Oxyquinoline Clioquinol. Propanol propyl alcohol Isopropanol isopropyl alcohol Ethanol ethyl alcohol. Alcohol and antibacterial permanganate Sodium hypochlorite Hydrogen peroxide Eosin Tosylchloramide Octenidine dihydrochloride.
Bacitracin Fusafungine Gramicidin Neomycin Tyrothricin. Benzocaine Cocaine Dyclonine Lidocaine. Dectaflur Olaflur Sodium fluoride Sodium monofluorophosphate Stannous fluoride. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history.