The author is not a medical professional, and this information should not be considered medical advice. This information should NOT be used to replace consultation with or treatment by a trained medical professional. The listing of a medication herein does not imply endorsement by the author. With the onset of testosterone therapy comes the distinct possibility of male pattern hair loss further defined below.
While a great number of men accept hair loss, others try to combat it. Fortunately for them, there have been significant advances in recent years with hair loss treatment drugs and surgical options.
This section is devoted to understanding the facts and myths around hair growth and male pattern hair loss, as well as providing a basic guide to current treatment tylenol aches and strains. Hair and hair growth: Each strand or "shaft" of hair is made up of a strong structural protein called "keratin;" this is the same material that makes up our fingernails and the outer layer of our skin.
Hair that is very fine, short, and usually light in color such as "peach fuzz" on the face is called anemia and hair loss hair. A shaft of hair has three basic layers: The cortex is the middle layer which provides strength, color, texture, can anesthesia cause hair loss, and elasticity.
The outermost layer is called the cuticle; it is colorless and forms a tightly-packed layer of overlapping scales to protect the hair from the environment. Each shaft of hair grows out of a small sac within the skin called a "follicle. Very small blood vessels nourish the dermal papilla during hair growth. The follicle is also connected to a "sebaceous gland" or oil-producing glandas well as a tiny bundle of muscle fibers called the "arrector pilli.
A normal hair growth cycle can be broken down into three can anesthesia cause hair loss For scalp hair, this growth phase can vary from 2 to 6 years, during which the hairs grow approximately 10cm per year, can anesthesia cause hair loss. At the end of the anagen phase, a hair enters the catagen phase.
The lower part of the follicle is destroyed and the dermal papilla breaks away to rest below the follicle. After the catagen phase comes the telogen phase, a resting period. The telogen phase typically lasts about 5 to 6 weeks. During this time, the hair stays attached to the follicle but does not grow. At the end of the telogen phase, the follicle once again begins the anagen phase. The dermal papilla, which had been resting since the the end of the catagen phase, rejoins the base of the follicle and a new hair begins to form.
If the old hair has not already shed, the new hair will push it out, can anesthesia cause hair loss. Each hair will pass through these phases independent of other hairs nearby.
The average scalp contains abouthairs, and it is typical to shed between 50 to hairs from the head each day. Therefore, the onset of male pattern baldness is a gradual process, and not typically can anesthesia cause hair loss by sudden or excessive hair loss.
Trans men on testosterone therapy are at risk for male pattern baldness just as other men are. Whether any man will experience MPB appears to be dependent on the factors described below. DHT and Heredity While the exact causes of androgenetic alopecia are not fully understood, two major factors that appear to be involved in AGA are:. It is recognized that DHT plays an important role in the development of the male fetus, as well as in male pubescent can anesthesia cause hair loss. DHT is able to bind to the same cellular androgen receptors that T does.
While it is known that both T and DHT play important roles in various biological functions in the human male, can anesthesia cause hair loss, it has not yet been possible to determine which of the two hormones is the primary can anesthesia cause hair loss sole initiator of certain biological responses.
Regarding the topic of hair loss, DHT appears to play a major role in the process of androgenetic alopecia. Due to a slight variance in its chemical structure, there are two types of 5-alpha reductase enzymes, can anesthesia cause hair loss, aptly named "type I 5-alpha reductase" and "type II 5-alpha reductase.
Type II 5aR has been found in the sebaceous ducts, the hair follicles, the prostate, the liver, and the testicles. In the hair follicles, 5-alpha reductase combines with testosterone to produce DHT. DHT then goes on to bind to androgen receptors in the follicle itself. For a more in-depth discussion of androgens, hormones, and receptors, see the section " Hormones and the Body: The DHT production and binding process described above occurs even in men who are not losing their hair.
Though the exact causation is not fully understood, problems with male pattern hair loss seem to arise if the follicles themselves have a predisposed sensitivity probably inherited to certain levels of DHT over time. If certain follicles are indeed sensitive to DHT, they will undergo a gradual shrinking process. Through each new cycle of hair growth, the follicle will continue to degrade, becoming shorter and thinner than in the previous cycle. As a result, the hair that grows from the follicle will become progressively finer and more wispy, until the follicle has miniaturized to the point where it can no longer can anesthesia cause hair loss a viable hair.
The hairs that tend to be most sensitive to this degradation process in men are the hairs around the temples, forehead, can anesthesia cause hair loss, and crown as shown previously in the Norwood Wind and kite theme lesson plans. The hair on the back and sides of the head seems to be less prone to AGA; thus the familiar "horseshoe" pattern of hair around the head seen in many men who are balding.
The degradation process in the effected follicles that is seen in AGA typically takes place fairly slowly, over a course of years. Hair loss that occurs rapidly or in patches, that involves the breaking of hair prozac and panic attacks, diffuse shedding, or is associated with redness, scaling, or pain could be caused by conditions other than AGA and should be checked by a dermatologist in order to be treated properly.
A note about heredity: Mom, Dad, or both? Current medical science has not yet determined exactly how or where the tendency toward MPB arises. It is believed to be genetic, can anesthesia cause hair loss, but the genes responsible for MPB have not yet been mapped, and the actual expression of an inherited trait can be dependant on a variety of factors. It is possible that the genetic predisposition for MPB could be inherited from either side of your family.
Some have hypothesized that the tendency toward MPB resides on the "X chromosome" of what are called the "sex chromosomes" again, this is an idea that has yet to be proven, can anesthesia cause hair loss.
The sex chromosomes are a pair of chromosomes, usually designated "X" or "Y," that combine to determine the sex and sex-linked characteristics of an individual, with XX usually resulting in a female and XY usually resulting in a male. In men born with an XY chromosome pair, can anesthesia cause hair loss, the X chromosome is passed by the mother and the Y by the father.
Presumably, a large portion of trans men are born with an XX chromosome set, where one X is passed from the mother and the other from the father. Therefore, if the tendency toward male pattern baldness does happen to weight loss and synthroid linked to the X chromosome, many trans guys would have to consider both sides of the family as potentially passing on the trait.
There are currently only two FDA-approved drug treatments for hair loss. The FDA is the U. Those two treatments are Finasteride and Minoxidil, and they are further described below. A third promising hair loss treatment called Dutasteride is vitamins and skin elasticity being tested for the treatment of hair loss, and thus it is often included in hair loss information resources.
It is also described below. Though there are only two FDA-approved treatments for hair loss to date, there are numerous hair loss products on the market, including a large number of herbal and vitamin treatments.
When in doubt about any particular product, be sure to check the list of active ingredients and discuss them with an impartial doctor or dermatologist.
Male pattern hair loss tends to happen over the course of years. If you do choose to try to treat your hair loss, it is a good idea to start early, in order to slow or prevent as much loss as possible. At the first signs of hair loss, speak to your doctor or dermatologist to discuss your options. Acceptance The least expensive and easiest "treatment" for male pattern baldness is acceptance!
And those who accept their hair loss will certainly be in good company-- by age 35, about two-thirds of American men will can anesthesia cause hair loss some appreciable degree of hair loss, can anesthesia cause hair loss by age 50 over three-quarters of men will have significantly thinning hair.
Your hairstyle will probably need to change as your hairline changes. Many guys with significant can anesthesia cause hair loss loss opt for very short styles, including shaved or nearly shaved heads.
Wearing facial hair can also augment the looks of a man with MPB. A side effect of Proscar was that it caused hair growth in a significant number of the patients. It is now marketed in the U. It is widely considered the most effective treatment for ragweed and asthma pattern hair loss available to date, and it is FDA-approved for that purpose.
Finasteride is a type II 5-alpha reductase inhibitor. It has been shown to effectively treat hair loss on the vertex top of the head and the anterior mid-scalp area. There is evidence that Finasteride works in treating receding hair lines at the temples, but it seems to be less effective in that area.
It may take from 3 to 6 months for the patient to see an effect. In order to retain the benefits of the medication, it must be taken indefinitely. If a patient stops taking Finasteride, can anesthesia cause hair loss, DHT levels will rise in the hair follicles, and hair loss is likely to resume.
It is only available by a prescription from your doctor. Precautions Finasteride should not be taken by women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant, nor should women handle broken tablets of this medication, as it can be absorbed through the skin. The reason for this precaution is that Finasteride is known to cause birth defects in developing male fetuses recall that DHT plays an important role in male fetal development.
Unless a trans man has a chance of being pregnant or makes the decision to go off of testosterone in order to become pregnant, Finasteride can be taken daily for the treatment and prevention of male pattern hair loss. Possible side effects Possible side effects of Finasteride include decreased libido, breast tissue tenderness or enlargement, skin rash, swelling in the lips, tongue, or face, abdominal pain, back pain, diarrhea, can anesthesia cause hair loss, dizziness, or headache.
For men born with a functional penis and testes, Finasteride can also cause difficulty in getting or maintaining an erection. It is effective in inhibiting both type I and type II 5-alpha reductase, though it is unclear if this provides additional benefits in the treatment of male pattern hair loss. Dutasteride is FDA-approved to treat enlarged prostate glands can anesthesia cause hair loss men, but it is not yet marketed or approved for treatment of hair loss.
Dutasteride is currently being tested for the treatment of MPB, and thus it is often included in hair loss information resources. Precautions Dutasteride should not be taken by women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant, nor should women handle broken tablets of this medication, as it can be absorbed through the skin.
The reason for this precaution is that Dutasteride is known to cause birth defects in developing male fetuses recall that DHT plays an important role in male fetal development.
Possible side effects Possible side effects of Dutasteride include decreased libido, decreased amount of semen released during ejaculation, or breast tissue tenderness or enlargement.
For men born with a functional penis and testes, Dutasteride can also cause difficulty in getting or maintaining an can anesthesia cause hair loss. An unexpected side effect of Loniten was that some patients experienced excessive hair growth. As a result, can anesthesia cause hair loss, a topical solution of Minoxidil was developed for application directly on the scalp to stimulate hair growth.