Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to treat pain and inflammation i. The pain-relieving effect of these medications does not increase with higher-than-prescribed doses, but high doses can increase side effects. Due to the risk for severe gastrointestinal and cardiovascular side effectsNSAIDs should only be used as instructed. Side effects generally include stomach upset, bleeding in the stomach, and stomach ulcer.
Elderly patients and patients who have taken NSAIDs for a long time are at increased risk for severe side effectsincluding heart attack and stroke, extended release anti-inflammatory arthritis.
Patients who are taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug should consult a physician if they experience stomach pain, extended release anti-inflammatory arthritis, black stools, or blood in the stool. In Julythe U. According to the FDA, risk may increase even further for people who take these medications long term and in those with additional risk factors for heart disease, but it also may exist early in treatment.
Talk to your health care provider about the risks and benefits of using non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, and take the lowest effective dose, for the shortest length of time possible. Common types of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs include the following: Aspirin is an over-the-counter or prescription medicine that relieves mild pain and also treats inflammation. It is commonly used to treat arthritis, extended release anti-inflammatory arthritis, and symptoms of the common cold.
The first known use of this drug was by Hippocrates in B. Aspirin is a salicylate, which is found in plants. The successful marketing of herbal remedies often can be attributed to the salicylate content of plants. Potential side effects include irritation, ulceration, and bleeding of the stomach and other organs in the gastrointestinal GI tract, extended release anti-inflammatory arthritis.
Unlike other NSAIDs, aspirin can reduce the risk for heart attack and stroke in patients who have cardiovascular disease and patients with a history of these conditions. Possible side effects include gastrointestinal irritation and bleeding, iron loss anemia, low red blood cell countand kidney dysfunction. Ibuprofen also may cause drowsiness, dizziness, extended release anti-inflammatory arthritis, and blurred vision.
Its common ultrasound and osteo arthritis include treatment extended release anti-inflammatory arthritis osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis, menstrual cramps, extended release anti-inflammatory arthritis, bursitis, and injuries e.
Naproxen can produce gastrointestinal tract side effects e. Blocking the COX-1 enzyme increases the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding and ulceration.
Some types of pain e. These drugs are not stronger than other NSAIDs, and it has not yet been proven that they cause fewer stomach problems.
After being available for a short time, some COX-2 inhibitors e. Celebrex is the only COX-2 inhibitor that is currently extended release anti-inflammatory arthritis the market.
According to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association JournalNSAIDs do not appear to increase the risk for miscarriage in women who use them as directed during pregnancy. These medications include misoprostol Cytotec and a class of drugs called proton pump inhibitors e.
Misoprostol should not be used by women who are pregnant or who could be pregnant. Prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs often are more expensive than NSAIDs that are available over-the-counter.
These drugs have not been proven to be more effective than over-the-counter NSAIDs, or to have fewer side effects. They may be marketed as being better than other NSAIDs for a particular condition, but in most cases, this has not been proven. Prescription pain medicines should not be taken with over-the-counter pain medicines, herbal medicines, or dietary supplements without consulting a qualified health care provider.