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Breastfeeding of infants by someone not their mother has commonly happened because of death or illness of the antibacterial enzymes ginger, or when the birth-mother gave over terbinafine lotion and dizzyness shared the care of her baby with another woman.
Sometimes, the surrogate was already breastfeeding another baby, and her milk supply simply increased due to additional demand to meet the growth needs of two or more babies. But anthropological reports from all over the world describe efforts by non-lactating woman to bring on lactation by putting the baby to breast, if no already-nursing mother was available, according to D. Psychosocial, Nutritional, and Economic Significance. Such infants were probably helped along with teas or gruels until sufficient milk appeared.
While there must have been a high mortality rate reglan and induced lacation orphaned or abandoned babies, induced lactation evolved as a solution to their plight long before the development of artificial milk formulas.
In the United States, reglan and induced lacation, especially among La Leche League members, induced lactation has been embraced as a way to provide an enhanced bonding experience for women adopting babies.
The special closeness fostered by breastfeeding can be profoundly comforting for both mother and child. Many women who have struggled with fertility problems value the experience of breastfeeding, even if the volume of milk they produce is small. It is unusual in the United States to find women who bring in a full supply of milk, but also rare to find women who make no milk.
If a mother understands that the young infant will need supplementation with formulashe can relax, enjoy the experience, and nurse her infant without fear of compromising growth.
While any amount of human milk is valuable to infants, La Leche League and most lactation consultants counsel that the emphasis be kept on the positive aspects of nurturing and closenessrather than on volume of milk actually produced. It is important to remember that prolactin and oxytocinthe hormones that govern lactation, are pituitary, not ovarian hormones.
Therefore, even if a woman has had a hysterectomy, she may lactate, providing her overall health is good. Estrogen, in the form of birth control pills or for replacement therapy, is a lactation suppressant. Both prolactin, the milk-making hormone, and oxytocin, reglan and induced lacation, the milk-releasing hormone, are produced in response to nipple stimulation. While there are now several regimens that use hormone therapy to assist in bringing in milk, reglan and induced lacation, many women have induced lactation with only mechanical stimulation.
This consists of breast massage, reglan and induced lacation, weaning off ativan and respiratory problems manipulation, and sucking—either by a baby or a hospital grade electric breast pump. Some adopting mothers rent a breast pump in anticipation of the infant; other mothers simply put the adopted infant to breast. Hormone therapy to induce lactation generally consists of taking estrogen to simulate the high-estrogen state of pregnancy.
The estrogen is then abruptly stopped to mimic the rapid hormonal changes following delivery. A course of a prolactin-enhancing drug such as metaclopromide Reglan is then instituted.
Sucking stimulation with a pump or by baby is begun at this point. Milk production typically begins between one reglan and induced lacation four weeks after initiating mechanical stimulation. A study of induced lactation using medications, published in The Journal of Tropical Pediatricsdescribes onset of milk production between five and 13 days. See abstract at the end of this article. This is similar to cases of inductions using only nipple stimulation.
At first, the mother may see only drops. During the time that milk production is building, she may notice changes in the color of the nipples and areolar tissue, reglan and induced lacation. Breasts may become tender and fuller. Some women report increased thirst and changes in their menstrual cycles or libidos, reglan and induced lacation. Is human milk produced this way adequate for infant growth?
The same study observed babies of mothers inducing lactation in New Guinea, and 89 percent were found to be well nourished at follow-up. Kleinman and reported in The Journal of Pediatricslooked at the chemical composition of milk produced by non-biological mothers. Two of the studied women had previously delivered babies; three had never been pregnant.
Milk samples were collected from five women with adopted infants who had induced lactation by infant sucking. Milk production at various levels was established within 11 days without medication. Milk samples were collected during the first five days reglan and induced lacation milk production and compared with samples of milk from five biological mothers. The mean protein concentration in the induced lactating women was identical to that of transitional milk of post-partum donors.
There were differences in the concentration of albumin, the antibody immunoglobulin Aand lactalbumin concentrations in the milk produced during the days immediately following birth. Levels of these constituents were higher in the colostrum reglan and induced lacation the biological mothers.
Sucking alone is apparently not sufficient to produce colostrum; other hormonal influences associated with pregnancy seem to be involved. The milk brought in by non-biological mothers, in other words, skips the colostral phase and more closely reglan and induced lacation transitional and mature breast milk. Many women use a feeding tube device. These devices have thin, silicone feeding tubes which are taped to the nipple with hypoallergenic surgical tape.
The baby sucks the breast, and milk flows through the tubes as through a straw, delivering donor milk or formula directly at the breast. Mothers who are attempting to induce lactation can get help and support from informed sources. Local La Leche League Leaders will be able to help women find information on the subject and may be able to connect an adopting mother with other women who have induced lactation.
Lactation consultants provide equipment feeding tube devices, electric breast pumpsnetworking with other similar clients, and expertise to help the adopting mother get started.
The lactation consultant may also be able to refer usda and vitamin k in the community who are supportive of the process.
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