It is common for RA to affect the eyes. For rheumatoid arthritis and swollen eyes reasons, people with RA may require regular eye examinations. Dry eye syndrome is the most common eye problem for people with RA. The symptoms might be worse at the end of the day. Five minutes later, your health care provider will check how wet the strip is.
The results indicate whether your lacrimal tear glands are working properly. Simple steps like wearing sunglasses, using a humidifier, and avoiding dry environments might help. RA can cause inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis and swollen eyes parts of the rheumatoid arthritis and swollen eyes, including:.
Plaquenil is an antimalarial drug that is approved to treat RA. Hydroxychloroquine improves physical function and reduces the frequency of RA flares.
Vision problems are a possible side effect of hydroxychloroquine if it is used for a long time or at high doses. People who used this medication for at least 5 years underwent sensitive vision tests in one study. These results are higher than what has been seen in other studies. Nevertheless, studies generally have shown that the risk increases with duration and dose. A vision test is recommended when starting hydroxychloroquine and while taking this medication.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that after five years of taking hydroxychloroquine, you begin having annual eye exams. In a person with RA, rheumatoid arthritis and swollen eyes, any change in vision should be evaluated right away. Even in the absence of eye symptoms, regular eye exams may be recommended to monitor for changes in your vision. There are several different types of eye care professionals.
The training and expertise of each type of professional is quite different, so it is important that you see the right doctor for your needs. An optometrist provides primary vision care.
This involves performing eye exams and diagnosing certain eye abnormalities. An optometrist can prescribe corrective lenses and medications for eye disease. An optometrist has not attended medical school and is not a medical doctor. An optometrist has completed college and has received a doctor of optometry OD from a four-year optometry school.
An ophthalmologist is a medical or osteopathic doctor MD or DO who is licensed to practice medicine and surgery. An ophthalmologist can diagnose and treat all eye diseases. An ophthalmologist has completed college and medical school, plus at least four years of clinical training, rheumatoid arthritis and swollen eyes. In many cases, rheumatoid arthritis and swollen eyes, people with RA are referred to an ophthalmologist to manage eye problems.
These doctors treat vision problems that are related to the nervous system rather than the eyes. They are ophthalmologists with specialized training in problems that involve the eye, brain, nerves, and muscles. A neuro-ophthalmologist has completed college and medical school, plus at least five years of clinical training. Let us know at contact RheumatoidArthritis. Try again or let us know at contact RheumatoidArthritis.
American Academy of Ophthalmology. What is dry eye? Accessed May 7, at: Ocular manifestations of autoimmune disease. The risk of toxic retinopathy in patients on long-term hydroxychloroquine therapy. Accessed April 26, at: Difference between an ophthalmologist, optometrist, and optician.
North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society. What is a neuro-ophthalmologist? The Storms in my Joints by Wren.