Mark Golding and Paul Shutler have worked to create these pages for use by those interested in the development of furniture design and manufacture in the 19th and 20th centuries in Great Britain.
Paul Shutler is a freelance furniture historian and researcher, and can be contacted via Paul Shutler. We are attempting build a reasonably comprehensive directory of 19th and 20th century British furniture makers and retailers.
Also, please keep up informed of any mistakes we make! Below the directory you vitamin and mineral supplements for animals find a series of biographical essays of several of the major 19th Century British furniture companies.
If you wish to publish your essay, we will post and credit your research. They apparently opened a 2nd location in Liverpool for a period of time. Information courtesy of Jennifer Wiber Toronto Canada. Late 19th early 20th century cabinet makers, Manchester, Lancashire. Collaborating with Howard and Sons for the Exhibition. Street and Bruce Talbert, who were used on better commissions, and greatly helped Holland to keep its top position.
To complement these styles many fine timbers were used like Oak, sherwood crafts and plans, Walnut, Satinwood, Ebony, Hungarian Ash, Tulipwood and Maple, sherwood crafts and plans, with marquetry and bronzed or decorated, to name some; often different marbles were used to complement the wood or sherwood crafts and plans. Some of the rich surfaces were enhanced by mounts in ormolu, inlay, marquetry and carving; sometimes whole suites of furniture for every style of room were made, including curtains, chair covers, carpets and mirrors, with chairs and dining room furniture made of walnut, oak, mahogany and birch.
All the display cases for the Sherwood crafts and plans Kensington Museum were supplied to specific designs. Holland and Sons, as did other London cabinet makers in this era, continued the tradition that English carcase work and construction was easily the finest in the world; whilst mahogany had lost favour as a veneer, it was used extensively for drawer linings in top furniture, and as a secondary wood whenever appropriate; consequently the veneers and marquetry remain so stable that even the surface can still be undisturbed allowing patina to accumulate; joints, tenons and dovetails stay tight, due to perfect cabinetwork, seasoned timber and practical design, sherwood crafts and plans.
Also services of a day to day nature were on offer to favoured clients, including the unblocking of drains! Whilst our fine Holland and Sons exhibits date from the s and s, arguably their zenith, sherwood crafts and plans, the firm enjoyed a long and successful span from to The details below come from London Directories of the times, and give the dates and addresses of the business.
Almost complete records were preserved and are kept at the Archive of Art and Design, London. Holland and Sons arranged the funeral of Prince Albert with the Royal household. In furniture was supplied to the Emperor of Austria for his steam yacht. For further reading try: Burlington Magazine - Nov. Holland and Sons in order to remain pre-eminent were actively showing specially designed furniture in exhibitions at home and abroad.
These included the following recorded items:, sherwood crafts and plans. A Royal cabinet of massive proportions in the renaissance style, centred round an integral British marble fireplace, and made of British woods, and minerals. A Louis XVI style cabinet in thuyawood with marquetry panels and ormolu mounts to the central door, flanked by bookshelves.
Also a profusely inlaid and marquetry silverwood loo table with guilloche pattern, and hilt mounts. An art cabinet or dressoir of oak inlaid with exotic wood and gilt brass strap hinges, the whole surmounted sherwood crafts and plans pinnacles and designed by Bruce Talbert.
An inlaid and ebony cabinet with dead game inlay and medallions of ivory. A satinwood cabinet inlaid in the Adam revival taste. The firm of Gillows of Lancaster can be traced back to Robert Gillow inhaving served an apprenticeship as a joiner. Following his death inthe business was continued by his two sons, Richard and Robert The firm rapidly established a reputation for supplying high quality furniture to the richest families in the country.
During the final years of sherwood crafts and plans 19th century the company ran into financial difficulty and from began a loose financial arrangement with Waring sherwood crafts and plans Liverpool, an arrangement legally ratified by the establishment of Waring and Gillow in Warings of Liverpool were founded by John Waring, who arrived in the city from Belfast in and established a wholesale cabinet making business.
During the First World War the Lancaster factory was turned over to war production, making ammunition chests for the Navy and propellers for De Havilland DH9 aircraft and during World War Two produced sherwood crafts and plans for gliders and the Mosquito aircraft, while kit-bags, tents and camouflage nets were made by the upholstery department.
However, the business of the firm began to decline and the Lancaster workshops closed on 31 March The making numbers were stamped on the pieces of furniture when they did not form part of a special order. The letter L placed before the number indicates that the piece was manufactured at the Lancaster factory.
Marks are generally found on the top edges of drawers, on the underside of lids or table tops, on the right hand back leg of early chairs and under the front edge of the seat of later chairs.
Very often the pencilled signature of the craftsman making the piece can be found on the underside of a drawer. Waring and Gillow records. Designers employed by the firm included T. Collcutt, the architect of their premises; E. Godwin, who was paid a retainer to produce exclusive designs for the company from to sherwood crafts and plans, H.
Batley and Stephen Webb. They made furniture for the new Law Courts to designs by G. The change of direction was not a success, and the firm was taken over by Gillows in Moyr Smith, assistant to Christopher Dresser, and in was trading from extensive newly built premises in St Bride Street. The firm continued to produce very high quality items of furniture and soon began to experiment with new materials and designs, becoming especially renowned for their distinctive combinations of rosewood and ivory and their intricate Italianate arabesques, traditional figures and scrolling foliage.
He was to stay there for nine years until he moved premises to 27 Great Alie St. In John Howard expanded the business into 26 Berners St.
After Crystal Palace saw the first big break for the company when they won a prize at only the second Exhibition they attended, the prize was for suite of library furniture, of which fig 1 forms a part. In the young George Howard patented a method for veneering walls with a wooden veneer, instead of wall paper or paint, sherwood crafts and plans, This was to evolve into flooring which prompted George to take out a patent in on the improved production of parquet flooring.
A further four patents were subsequently taken out on the manufacture and fixing of parquetry to floors and ceilings in NovemberJuly and July and December His patent totally re-designed the inside workings of traditional upholstery, creating the superior seat, is what they are now widely known only for.
These addresses were to remain unchanged until Howard and sons were to exhibit and win usc clinical diabetes anne peters from this address at the International Exhibition, the Antwerp Exhibition and win 1 silver and 2 gold medals at the Paris Exhibition.
In Howard and Sons traded from 31 Old Burlington St where they produced mainly upholstered furniture and then ceased trading in Howard and Sons would make identification easier by marking their work. Cabinet work would either have paper labels, stamps on later pieces Ivorine labels. Instant identification however can be determined by their favoured use of a variation of turning on the front legs, generally speaking the more squashed this turning the later the piece, fig 2 and fig 3, a standard square tapered leg was also used, fig 4.
Some upholstered pieces retain their initialled fig 5 calico covering, either this or a floral calico fig 6 were used on all upholstered pieces and were usually covered using a well sherwood crafts and plans loose cover also made by Howard and Sons. Both the initialled and floral covers came in a limited range of colours. This Anglo-Oriental furniture was made by a French craftsman, Monsieur Ursin Fortier, originally - a basket maker, who had premises in Soho.
As well as being available in the Regent Street shop, some of the early Liberty furniture was shown in the galleries of the Royal School of Needlework in South Kensington.
Such furniture, however, would have had a limited weight loss and calories, and it became obvious that a wider range should be available. One, a four-legged stool, usually made in walnut but also in mahogany, with turning on the lower legs and a leather seat attached to the frame with thonging, sherwood crafts and plans, has the Patent Office Design registration No.
It was hardly an original design, as the ancient Egyptian prototype had already inspired a number of artists and designers earlier in the century. A drawing of a similar Egyptian stool by J. A number of other artists, including Christopher Dresser and E. Godwin, produced drawings of ancient Egyptian furniture in the s. The stool was to prove sherwood crafts and plans popular and was produced over a number of years.
It was made both in oak and mahogany, sometimes stained or lacquered red, and bears the registered number It was copied by the Austrian architect Adolf Looswho claimed it as his own design, and also stained it red. He also stained red the bentwood chairs, sherwood crafts and plans by Kohn, that he designed for the Cafe Museum in Vienna in This, no doubt, provided an important source of inspiration for Wyburd.
At first he seems mainly to have relied on imported furniture from North Africa, including inlaid coffee tables, Kharan stands, screens etc. J Moyr-Smith illustrated a Moorish smoking room as well as an occasional table and rush-seated chair incorporating Mushrebiyeh panels. Having described the Moorish style of Messrs. Cooper, the writer stated that:. They have applied the style, more or less successfully, to cheap forms of ordinary furniture. The accompanying illustration showed three Anglo-Moresque chairs.
An example of this chair is now in the Cecil Higgins Museum, Bedford. The chair on the left was described as a good model, and the bracket supports to the legs and back were praised as good, constructive features, giving strength to an otherwise rather flimsy design. The third chair, like sherwood crafts and plans of the Thebes stools, was, sherwood crafts and plans, painted vermilion red, and had a Moorish arch motif cut out of the back, and splayed straight legs.
The furniture was displayed in a room with Egyptian red walls, the ceiling painted in colour, with a Saracenic design; some of the Mushrebiyeh screening had coloured glass behind it, and lamps hung from the ceiling.
There were also folding stands for brass trays, brackets, what-nots, and fabrics. Thus they embrace in their present business home-made productions, in the Moresque style, as well as originals, and the clever way in which the two are wedded does considerable credit to the firm. I have never seen a display of such goods more calculated to secure business or to meet the wants of middle class as well as wealthy buyers.
The Liberty Handbook of Sketches and Prices and Other Sherwood crafts and plans for Artistic and Economical Sherwood crafts and plans Decoration and Furniture, which has been tentatively dated although it is probably slightly later, shows folding Mushrebiyeh lattice screen, Kharan chairs and writing table, an Anglo-Arab drawing room, a section of an Arab hall, and a morning room in Arab style.
The room was described as:. The ceiling panels are modeled from windows around the tombs of the Queens of Shah-Ahmed at Ahmedabad, the leaded glass from the designs of the tombs of Yufus Mooltan; the exquisite lattices hail from the Punjab, the fire dogs from Nepal, and the tiles from Mooltan.
Pure and perfect Orientalism are supreme in this exquisite room. As in sherwood crafts and plans Handbook of Sketches, together with other Liberty publications of the late s and s, eclecticism was rife, with Orientalism going hand-in-hand with revived English styles, which ranked from Tudor and Jacobean to 18th century country furniture, and catered for a wide range of artistic tastes.
These adaptations of English country furniture, sherwood crafts and plans, introduced in the s and x, sold well into the 20th century. A simple Windsor-like chair, made in beech and stained green, which appears in the Liberty Yule-Tide Gifts catalogue of was certainly sold abroad, for one was purchased by the Nordenfjeldske Kunstindustrimuseum in Trondheim from Messrs Hirschwald of Berlin in The identical chair, however, was illustrated in the Cabinet Maker and Art Furnisher 1 Januaryp, sherwood crafts and plans.