It provides protection, regulation of body temperature and sensation for underlying tissues and other body parts. Hair serves as insulation from the cold and heat. Nails fingernails and toenails protect the ends of the fingers and toes. They are also an extension of the fingers, providing a precision grip skin and bones skin care picking up small items, skin and bones skin care. It also bruises and tears more easily. The fatty layers within the skin also decrease - this increases the possibility of bruising and other injuries.
Hair also grays and there is more facial hair in women — this may require trimming. Nails also thicken and can become more brittle. Click here for implications for carers Implications for Care When providing care to a client with deteriorated skin, the goal is to keep the skin as healthy as possible and free of any breakdown. Follow the tips outlined below in order to do so: Conditions Involving the Skin, Hair and Nails Outlined below are a range of conditions that clients with problems with their skin, hair and nails may experience: Edema Edema is caused by excessive accumulation of fluid in a body part, usually the legs, resulting in swelling.
This can be caused by heart and circulation problems. If the swelling gets worse, the person may need medical care. Care includes a diet low in salt and elevating the affected body part if possible. Sun Damage The sun is a huge factor in skin safety and health.
Sun damage can be extreme and may lead to skin cancer, extreme sun burns and skin damage. Nothing can undo sun damage, but the skin can occasionally repair itself. The client may have an increased risk to sun issues that include sun stroke, dehydration and severe skin damage. Here are some tips for the client to help keep the skin healthy: Use sunscreen when outdoors.
Sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or more provides the most protection. Wear a hat and long sleeves when outdoors and sunglasses that block UV rays. Examine the skin regularly for moles that sudden begin growing or change color, skin and bones skin care, and new growths.
Drink plenty of fluids to keep hydrated. Sit or walk in the shade when possible, and avoid long periods of outside activities. Pressure Ulcers Pressure ulcers, also called bed sores, are breaks in the skin from prolonged pressure in one spot, skin and bones skin care, for example sitting or lying in one position for a long time.
To avoid pressure ulcers, ensure that your client avoid sitting or lying in one position for a long period of time. If safe to do so — move them between various positions. Bones, Joints and Muscles — Function Bones provide support to our bodies and help form shape. They protect our organs; the ribs protect the heart and lungs, the skull protects the brain, etc.
Although they are very light, bones are strong enough to support our entire weight. Joints occur where skin and bones skin care bones meet. They make the skeleton moveable-without them, the body would be stiff and rigid. Muscles are also necessary for movement.
They are the tough, elastic tissue that pull and push our bones when we move. Together, our bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system. They enable us to do everyday physical activities by allowing us to move freely. The joint at our elbow is known as a hinge joint. Bones, Joints and Tamiflu and lisinopril — Skin and bones skin care as We Age As clients continue to age the following changes occur to bones, joints and muscles: Loss of muscle tone making the joints become less flexible.
Bones become more porous, more brittle with increased risk of fractures. Cartilage between vertebrae spinal disks shrinks.
This makes the person shorter with stooped posture. Slower reflexes and coordination increase risks for falls. When providing care to elderly clients ensure that you prevent falls by removing barriers such as rugs and keeping that pathways clear. Avoid rushing the elderly person while they are walking. It is also important to encourage the use of hand rails or other assistive devices for support and to ensure that all areas are adequately lit, especially at night.
Arthritis Arthritis causes inflammation and deterioration of skin and bones skin care joints. There are two main types, both outlined below. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It is caused by the degeneration of the joints causing stiffness and pain.
It is often treated with anti-inflammatory drugs. Rheumatoid arthritis RA is a far more severe that osteoarthritis but less common. RA causes joint deformities and can also affect internal organs such as heart, lungs and muscles.
RA is more difficult to treat since it is considered an auto-immune disease immune system kills its own body tissue. Osteoarthritis commonly effects the bones in the fingers. Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is caused by the loss of calcium in the bones.
This makes the bones more porous and brittle causing an increased risk of a fracture, skin and bones skin care. Those at risk of osteoporosis include: Osteoporosis causes decrease in height as the vertebrae collapse and the spine curves.
This leads to decreased range of motion and painful mobility. Treatment for osteoporosis includes increasing calcium intake through the use of supplements or dairy intake. Weight training, skin and bones skin care helps calcium re-absorption, can also be beneficial. Milk can be useful in the treatment of osteoporosis.
Contractures Contractures are shortening and tightening of muscles, skin, tendons and ligaments, preventing normal movements, skin and bones skin care, often causing deformity of joints.
The most common causes are prolonged bed rest, scarring from injury usually burns or lack of use immobilization. As a care worker, you may be asked to assist with range of motion exercises and repositioning. This helps keep the joints and muscles flexible and circulation flowing. This is another reason why repositioning every two hours is important. Muscular Dystrophy MD Muscular dystrophy is an inherited disease. It is caused by a genetic defect that causes healthy skeletal muscles to become progressively weaker.
There is no cure and no way to stop the disease process. MD is not contagious. There are many different types of MD, but these are the most common: Duchenne Develops early, between 2 and 6 years of age. Symptoms include waddling or walking on toes, difficulty in running, protruding abdomen, skin and bones skin care.
More likely to occur in males. Myotonic Appears in early adulthood, less often in adolescence. Symptoms include stiffness in hands and feet, especially after chill, difficulty relaxing grip, and facial weakness. Facioscapulohumeral Usually becomes evident in teens. Facial weakness is always present difficulty closing eyes and whistling. Other symptoms include difficulty raising arms, lifting objects, prominent shoulder blades. Keep me logged in. I agree to the Terms and Conditions Yes, I want to get the most out of Alison by receiving tips, updates and exclusive offers, skin and bones skin care.
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