Opium is the latex juice that is emitted from the opium poppy plant, Papaver somniferum, when the poppy pod is scored. Historical information and references to opium go as far back as B. As opium poppy cultivations expanded from lower Mesopotamia throughout the Middle East and Egypt it became known for its anesthetic properties.
As early as the sixteenth century, abuse and tolerance have been documented and addictions spread wherever the opium became available, smoking opium and anti depressants. Pure opium was the most viable source of medicine for anesthesia, antidepressants, pain, cough, and a variety of other maladies throughout the 19th century. Medicines containing opium were available over the counter and during that time, the discovery of morphine and the hypodermic syringe increased the possibilities of medicinal uses and revolutionized pain control.
Opium contains five principle psychoactive alkaloids from which pharmaceutical opiate medicines are made. Morphine is most abundant and the others are codeine, thebaine, papaverine, and noscapine. All are controlled by the DEA along with their derivatives, semi-synthetic and synthetic substitutes under the Controlled Substances Act.
Most are classified as schedule II substances having a legitimate medical purpose with a high potential for abuse and dependence. Heroin is an opiate, however, that has no acceptable medical purpose, no safety in use, and is totally illegal, classified as a schedule I substance under the CSA.
Common opiate medicines include morphine, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, and a hundreds of different derivatives, combinations, and brands. Methadone and Fentanyl are examples of synthetic opiates that produce the narcotic effects while not being processed from any opium or its derivatives. Opiates smoking opium and anti depressants as central nervous system depressants to reduce pain stimuli while producing a calming or euphoric effect.
They also depress breathing and heart rate which can lead to overdose and death. Opiate abusers often experience the euphoria as the preferred effect, but, once addiction takes hold, there is an overwhelming need to consume higher amounts of the drugs leading to uncontrollable cravings and use, despite the adverse consequences; and withdrawals when the smoking opium and anti depressants small cell lung cancer and siadh unavailable, smoking opium and anti depressants.
Click To Chat Call Now: We can help you find local opiate addiction treatment, call for a free referral. Morphine is a widely used legal type of opiate. Pin It on Pinterest.