Prostate Cancer: Treatments by Stage

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Stages of prostate cancer and age

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After a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, doctors will try to figure out if it has spread, and if so, how far, stages of prostate cancer and age. This process is called staging. The stage the difference between keflex and ceftin a prostate cancer describes how much cancer is in the body.

It ihelps determine how serious the cancer is and how best to treat it. The stage is based on tests described in Tests for Prostate Cancerincluding the blood PSA level and biopsy results. A staging system is a standard way for the cancer care team to describe how far a cancer has spread.

Numbers or letters after T, N, and M provide more details about each of these factors. Higher numbers mean the cancer is more advanced. Once the T, N, and M categories have been determined, this information is combined along with the Grade Group and PSA level if they are available in a process called stage grouping to get the overall stage of the cancer.

The main stages of prostate cancer range from I 1 through IV 4. Some stages are split further A, B, etc. As a rule, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, such as stage IV, means cancer has spread more. And within a stage, an earlier letter means a lower stage. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes [N0] or elsewhere in the body [M0]. The tumor can be felt by digital rectal exam or seen with imaging such as transrectal ultrasound and is in one half or less of only one side left or right of the prostate [cT2a].

The prostate has been removed with surgery, and the tumor was still only in the prostate [pT2]. The Grade Group is 1. The PSA level is at least 10 but less than OR the prostate has been removed with surgery, and the tumor was still only in the prostate [pT2].

The tumor can be felt by digital rectal exam or seen with imaging such as transrectal ultrasound. It is in more than half of one side of the prostate [cT2b] or it is in both sides of the prostate [cT2c]. The PSA level is less than The cancer has not yet spread outside the prostate.

It might or might not be felt stages of prostate cancer and age digital rectal exam or seen with imaging such as transrectal ultrasound [T1 or T2]. The Grade Group is 2. The Grade Group is 3 or 4.

The Grade Group is 1 to 4. The PSA level is at least It has not spread to nearby stages of prostate cancer and age nodes [N0] or elsewhere in the body [M0]. The cancer might or might not be growing outside the prostate and into nearby tissues [any T]. The Grade Group is 5. The PSA can be any value. The tumor might or might not be growing into tissues near the prostate [any T].

The cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes [N1] but has not spread elsewhere in the body [M0]. The cancer might or might not be growing into tissues near the prostate [any T] and might or might not stages of prostate cancer and age spread to nearby lymph nodes [any N]. It has spread to other parts of the body, such as distant lymph nodes, bones, or other organs [M1]. Prostate cancer staging can be complex. If you have any questions about your stage, please ask someone on your cancer care team to explain it to you in a way you understand.

Doctors are still trying to determine the best use of these types of models and tests, stages of prostate cancer and age. Many of them are now being studied, but as of now there is no single tool that can help in every situation.

 

Stages of prostate cancer and age

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