Also called gravitational dermatitis, venous eczema, and venous stasis dermatitis. This condition develops in people who have poor circulation. Because poor blood flow usually occurs in the lower legs, this is where stasis dermatitis often develops. It may occur in one or both legs. Stasis dermatitis can develop in other areas, but this is rare. Stasis dermatitis is most common in the lower legs because leg veins have one-way valves, which play an important role in circulating our blood.
These valves push blood up the legs. As we age, these valves can weaken and stop working properly. Some blood can leak out and pool in stasis dermatitis and diabetes legs. Watching for signs and symptoms of stasis dermatitis is important though.
Treatment and self-care can prevent the stasis dermatitis from becoming severe. Swelling around the ankle is often the first sign of stasis dermatitis. The swelling tends to clear while you sleep — and return during the stasis dermatitis and diabetes. Other early signs are discolored skin and varicose veins. References Flugman, SL et al. Last updated July Fritsch PO and Reider N. Dermatology second editionElsevier Mosby, Weaver J, Billings SD. A previously unrecognized clinical scenario.
Most people develop stasis dermatitis on their lower legs. When it begins in the legs, you may notice the following in one or both legs:. Other medical conditions can develop where a person has stasis dermatitis. Two common conditions are:. Image 1 used with permission of Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology: Stasis dermatitis is most likely to develop in someone who has the following traits: Because poor circulation leads to stasis dermatitis, this type of dermatitis usually develops in people who are middle aged or older.
In the United States, stasis dermatitis:. Women are slightly more likely to develop stasis dermatitis. Having one or more of the following increases your risk of developing stasis dermatitis:. Having any of the following also increase your risk of developing stasis dermatitis:.
If you get little or no exercise, becoming more active may reduce your risk of developing stasis dermatitis. Exercise can improve your blood flow, help you shed excess body fat, and possibly reduce high blood pressure, stasis dermatitis and diabetes. Poor circulation leads to stasis dermatitis. Because poor circulation most commonly develops in the lower legs stasis dermatitis and diabetes feet, this is the most common area of the body for stasis dermatitis to develop.
If you have stasis dermatitis, an accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential. Treatment can prevent the disease from worsening. Sippel K, stasis dermatitis and diabetes, Mayer D, et. To diagnose this condition, your dermatologist will examine your skin, looking closely at the skin that shows signs of stasis dermatitis. Your dermatologist will also want to know about your medical history. It is important to mention the following:. Medical tests may be necessary to find out exactly why you have poor circulation in the area.
Your dermatologist may refer you to another doctor or recommend one or more of following tests:. If you have stasis dermatitis, your dermatologist will create a treatment plan that addresses your specific needs.
Stasis dermatitis and diabetes treating stasis dermatitis, the goal is to get it under control. Your treatment plan will include treatment for each of your signs and symptoms, which may include: To reduce the swelling in a lower leg, most patients wear a compression stocking, stasis dermatitis and diabetes, compression dressing, or Unna boot.
Compression can reduce swelling as well as stasis dermatitis and diabetes your circulation. Because it is so shed floor plans and designs to reduce swelling, it helps to elevate your legs throughout the day.
If possible, dermatologists recommend that you elevate your legs above your heart:. Inflammation redness, swelling, and pain: To treat this, most patients apply medicine to the stasis dermatitis, stasis dermatitis and diabetes.
Your stasis dermatitis and diabetes may prescribe a medicine called a corticosteroid or a topical calcineurin cal-see-neur-in inhibitor TCI. If you have an infection, taking an antibiotic or applying an antibiotic to the stasis dermatitis can help clear the infection. You may need to apply a special dressing to the wound to help it heal.
Taking an antihistamine can help calm an intense itch. Applying a moisturizer a few times per day can help get rid of the dry skin. Your dermatologist may also recommend a moisturizer. In rare cases, they can cause bleeding leg sores. Removing troublesome vein can alleviate your discomfort and may reduce bleeding leg sores. If vein removal is recommended, your dermatologist can recommend an appropriate procedure for you.
Many procedures are minimally invasive. About the skin discoloration: Stasis dermatitis can cause the affected skin to turn a brownish color. This discoloration often remains even when the swelling, sores, and other signs clear. If the discoloration bothers you, ask your dermatologist about treatment options that could reduce the discoloration, stasis dermatitis and diabetes.
You may have stasis dermatitis for life. Many patients are able to manage the disease on their own once they get the stasis dermatitis under control. Managing the disease often involves:. Self-care plays an important role in getting stasis dermatitis under control. It is essential to keep it under control. Maroo N, Choudhury S, et. If you have stasis dermatitis, self-care is essential for getting stasis dermatitis under control and preventing it from worsening.
Dermatologists often recommend the following tips to their patients who have stasis dermatitis: Elevate your legs above the heart: Take breaks when you must sit or stand for long periods. If you must sit or stand for long periods, take a break every hour and walk briskly for 10 minutes.
Exercise can improve your circulation and strengthen your calf muscles, stasis dermatitis and diabetes. Stasis dermatitis and diabetes your dermatologist how often you should exercise.
Wear loose-fitting cotton clothing. Wearing cotton clothes help to avoid irritation. Rough fabrics like wool, polyester, and rayon can irritate your skin. Loose-fitting clothing is important, too.
Tight waistbands and snug pants interfere with your circulation. When clothing rubs against the stasis dermatitis, it can irritate the sensitive skin. Wear your compression garment if your dermatologist recommends one. Most patients stop wearing a compression garment compression stockings or Unna boots because it feels uncomfortable.
The discomfort tends to lessen as the swelling subsides. Avoid anything that could aggravate the stasis dermatitis. The skin with stasis dermatitis is very sensitive, so you want to prevent the stasis dermatitis from touching anything that could irritate it, such as:. Apply moisturizer when your skin feels dry. Moisturizer helps prevent scaly skin and irritation.
Petroleum jelly works well for most patients. Avoid scratching the stasis dermatitis. Scratching can worsen stasis dermatitis and lead to an infection.
To reduce the itch, apply your medicine as directed. Other ways to calm the itch include:, stasis dermatitis and diabetes. Take care when bathing. Soaps and rough-textured towels can irritate the stasis dermatitis.