What Is Uterine Cancer? Uterine sarcoma is a disease in which malignant cancer cells form in the muscles of the uterus or other tissues that support the uterus. The uterus is part of the female reproductive system. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped organ in the pelvis, where a fetus grows. The cervix is at the lower, narrow end of the uterus, uterine cancer and hysterectomy leads to the vagina.
Uterine sarcoma is a very rare kind of cancer that forms in the uterine muscles or in tissues that support the uterus. Uterine sarcoma is different uterine cancer and hysterectomy cancer of the endometriuma disease in which cancer cells start growing inside the lining of the uterus.
What Are Uterine Fibroids? Fibroids are tumors of the smooth uterine cancer and hysterectomy found in the wall of the uterus.
They can develop within the uterine wall itself or attach to it. They may grow as a single tumor or in clusters. Uterine fibroids can cause excessive menstrual bleeding, pelvic painand frequent urination.
What Are the Symptoms of Uterine Cancer vs. Signs of uterine sarcoma include abnormal bleeding. Abnormal bleeding from the vagina and other signs and symptoms may be caused by uterine sarcoma or by other conditions.
Most fibroids, uterine cancer and hysterectomy, even large ones, produce no symptoms. These masses are often found during a regular pelvic examination. What Causes Uterine Cancer vs. Anything that increases your risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor.
Talk with your doctor if you think you may be at risk. Risk factors for uterine sarcoma include the following:. The exact reasons why some women develop fibroids are unknown. Fibroids tend to run in families, and affected women often have a family history of fibroids, uterine cancer and hysterectomy.
Women of African descent are two to three times more likely to develop fibroids than women of other races. Fibroids grow in response to stimulation by the hormone estrogen, uterine cancer and hysterectomy, produced naturally in the body. These growths can show up as early as age 20, but tend to shrink after menopause when the body stops producing large amounts of estrogen.
Fibroids can be tiny and cause no problems, or they also can grow to weigh several pounds. Fibroids generally tend to grow slowly.
What Is the Treatment for Uterine Cancer vs. Different types of treatments are available for patients with uterine sarcoma. Some treatments are standard the currently used treatmentand some are being tested in clinical trials.
A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment.
Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment. Surgery is the most common treatment for uterine sarcoma, as described in the Stages of Uterine Sarcoma section of this summary. Even if the doctor removes all the cancer that can be seen at the time of the surgery, some patients may be given chemotherapy or radiation therapy after surgery to kill any cancer cells that are left.
Treatment ultrasonic humidifiers and asthma after the surgery, to lower the risk that the cancer will come back, is called adjuvant therapy. Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill uterine cancer and hysterectomy cells or keep them from growing.
There are two types of radiation therapy:. The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. External and internal radiation therapy are used to treat uterine sarcoma, and may also be used as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.
Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body systemic chemotherapy.
When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas regional chemotherapy.
The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. Hormone therapy is a cancer treatment that removes hormones or blocks their action and stops cancer cells from growing. Hormones are substances produced by glands in the body and circulated in the bloodstream. Some hormones can cause certain cancers to grow. If tests show the cancer cells have places where hormones can attach receptorsdrugs, surgery, or radiation therapy is used to reduce the production of hormones or block them from working.
For some patients, taking part in uterine cancer and hysterectomy clinical trial may be the best treatment choice. Clinical trials are part of the cancer research process. Clinical trials are done to find out if new cancer treatments are safe and effective or better than the standard treatment.
Patients who take part in a clinical trial may receive the standard treatment or be among the first to receive a new treatment. Patients who take part in clinical trials also help improve uterine cancer and hysterectomy way cancer will be treated in the future. Even when clinical trials do not lead to effective new treatments, they often answer important questions and help move research forward, uterine cancer and hysterectomy.
Some clinical trials only include patients who have not yet received treatment. Other trials test treatments for patients whose cancer has not gotten better.
There are also clinical trials that test new ways to stop cancer from recurring coming back or reduce the side effects of cancer treatment. Some of the tests that were done to diagnose the cancer or to find out the stage of the cancer may be repeated.
Some tests will be repeated in order to see how well the treatment is working. Decisions about whether to continue, change, or stop treatment may be based on the results of these tests.
Some of the tests will continue to be done from time to time after treatment has ended. The results of these tests can show if your condition has changed or if the cancer has recurred come back.
These tests are sometimes called follow-up tests or check-ups. In most cases, treatment is not necessary, particularly if the woman has no symptoms, uterine cancer and hysterectomy, has small tumors, or has gone through menopause. If no malignancy uterine cancer and hysterectomy is found, uterine cancer and hysterectomy, this bleeding often can be controlled by hormonal medications, uterine cancer and hysterectomy.
The following treatment options should be discussed with a health care practitioner. If the person does not have symptoms such as vaginal bleeding or pelvic pain, and if the fibroid is not growing rapidly, no treatment may be needed.
Patients may be given nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, oral contraceptives birth control pillsgonadotropin releasing hormone agonists, or RU What Is the Prognosis for Uterine Cancer vs. Certain factors affect prognosis chance of recovery and treatment options. The prognosis chance of recovery and treatment options depend on the following:.
Treatment success and future outcome depend on the severity of the fibroid or fibroids prior to treatment and the chosen treatment. Uterine cancer and hysterectomy may affect fertility, but this depends on the size and location of the fibroids. Many women with fibroids are older than 35 years. This and other factors such as decreased egg quality and decreased ovulation contribute to their inability to become pregnant.
Fibroids rarely turn into cancer. This is more likely to occur in women after menopause. The most common warning sign of cancer is a rapidly growing tumor that requires surgery. Symptoms uterine cancer and hysterectomy Uterine Cancer vs. Cervical Cancer Slideshow Pictures. Cancer Symptoms Women Ignore Slideshow. Ovarian Cancer Slideshow Pictures.