There seems to be a lot of confusion over the difference between vitamin B and vitamin B Vitamin B complex is particularly significant for the cell metabolism in human body. In contrast, vitamin B12 is a one of the eight B vitamin complexes, and it is also known as cobalamin.
It is mainly vital for the red blood cells formation and the function of the brain and nervous system. This is the main difference between vitamin B and vitamin B B vitamins are a group of water-soluble essential organic compounds that play a significant role in cellular metabolism, vitamin b2 and b12.
Although these vitamins have more or less similar vitamin b2 and b12, research studies identify that they are chemically different vitamins that frequently co-occur in the similar foods. All B vitamins and their alternative names are listed below. Vitamin B12 or various cobalamins such as cyanocobalamin or methylcobalamin.
Vitamin B12 is also known as cobalaminsand it is also a water-soluble vitamin. It belongs to the B vitamin complexes, and its major role is to contribute to the regular functioning of nervous and brain system as well as to synthesize red blood cells, vitamin b2 and b12.
In addition, vitamin B12 also contributes to each and every cellular metabolism pathways in the human body because it is essential for synthesis and regulation of DNA, metabolism of amino acids and fatty acids. Humans, other animals or plants cannot produce vitamin B Only bacteria and archaea can synthesize vitamin B It is the largest and most structurally complex vitamin among all vitamins.
It comprises the biochemically very rare constituent cobalt, existing in the center of tetra-pyrrole ring of vitamin B12 structure also known as a corrin ring.
The difference between vitamin B and vitamin B12 can be divided into following categories. Vitamin B is a water soluble vitamin complex which comprises of eight different vitamins.
Vitamin B12vitamin b2 and b12, also known as cobalamin, generally represent one type of vitamin in vitamin B complex. Different vitamins B have different structures. As an example, the structure of vitamin B1 thiamine and B2 Riboflavin are given below.
Vitamin B12 has a very complex structure and it is based on a corrin ring, vitamin b2 and b12. The central metal ion of this ring is cobalt. In addition to this plant sources, B vitamins are mainly concentrated in meat, for example, turkey, tuna, and liver.
B vitamins can be found in whole grain cereals; processed grains tend to have lower B vitamin content than their unprocessed counterparts. As a result, the B vitamins are sometimes fortified with thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and folic acid after processing, and they are known as enriched flour.
Although beers are a natural source of B vitamins, their bioavailability is very low because drinking ethanol vitamin b2 and b12 absorption of thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, biotin and folic acid.
Vitamin B12 rich sources are mainly animal derived foods such as fish, shellfish, meat, liver, eggs, milk, and milk products. Sometimes, breakfast cereals, soy products, energy bars, and nutritional yeast are fortified with vitamin B Vitamin B12 is not available from plant products. Vitamin B supplements may either contain all eight vitamin B complex including multivitamins or individual B vitamin supplements.
Vitamin B12 is used as a supplement in many processed foods and is also available in vitamin pill form, nasal spray, or injection. Vitamin B12 is also a common component in energy drinks. Recumbent bike and arthritis supplements are essential for preventing deficiencies, particularly in vegetarians. Industrial B12 is produced through bacterial fermentation of selected microorganisms.
Vitamin b2 and b12 a complex, different types of vitamin B play different roles in the human body. Some of vitamin b2 and b12 main roles are as follows. Vitamin B1, B2, B3 and B5: Form co-enzymes and involved in the energy production for the electron transport chain, the citric acid cycle, vitamin b2 and b12, as well as the oxidation vitamin b2 and b12 fatty acids and carbohydrates.
Biotin — Involved in the metabolism of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates. Folic acid acts as a co-enzyme and involved in cell division, neural tube development and the production of red blood cells.
Vitamin B12 has multiple roles and they are as follows. Involved in the cellular metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids. Act as a co-enzyme in intermediate metabolism for the methionine synthase reaction.
Excess intake of vitamin B supplements may cause temporary side-effects such as restlessness, nausea, and insomnia. However, excess consumption of vitamin B12 supplements can cause skin and spinal lesions or acne-like rash. Different types of vitamin B deficiency can cause some of the following diseases. Vitamin B12 deficiency causes macrocytic anemia, vitamin b2 and b12, raised homo-cysteine, peripheral neuropathy, memory loss, and other cognitive impairments. Different Vitamin B types have different recommended intake levels.
However, vitamin B12 requirement in pregnant women is 2. In conclusion, vitamin B complex is an essential nutrient to the human body. Vitamin B12 is an essential water-soluble vitamin which also belongs to the vitamin B complex.
EFSA Journal1— Oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 vitamin b2 and b12 vitamin B12 deficiency: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Family Practice 23 3 National Academy of Sciences. Food and Nutrition Board. Original uploader was Ymwang42 at en. Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.
Public Domain via Commons.