Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the body struggles to regulate blood sugar levels. It can create unique circumstances for diarrhea symptoms. A person with both diabetes and diarrhea might have special considerations to bear in mind, for example when seeking medication for their condition. Different complications of diabetes can cause or worsen diarrhea as well as the side effects of certain diabetes medications. The symptom occurs in up to 20 percent of people with diarrhea, according to studies in a journal article.
Diabetes and some of its complications can lead to persistent diarrhea and affect the entire gut, from the mouth to the anus. Diabetic diarrhea is different than other forms of diarrhea.
This extremely persistent diarrhea can occur during the day or night and have a debilitating effect on everyday life and social interaction for people with diabetes. Autonomic neuropathythe numbing effects of diabetes on automatic bodily processes in the nervous system, can impact on the consistency and frequency of bowel movements.
Diabetes is a major cause of autonomic neuropathy, and people with long-term diabetes complications in the nervous system also commonly experience effects in their GI system. The stomachs of people with diabetes also experience delayed emptying of fluids and other foods, which can stagnate and cause bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine.
This can also contribute to diarrhea symptoms. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency EPI can also occur in people who have diabetes. This is a condition in which the pancreas does not produce enough digestive enzymes.
This deficiency, in turn, interferes with digestion. Between 4 and 9 percent of vommiting and diarea and diabetes with type 1 diabetes also have celiac diseasewhich can lead to uncomfortable and ongoing GI symptoms, including diarrhea. People with diabetes should check for this condition with a doctor if long-term diarrhea has become a health issue.
People use metformin, a medication, to treat type 2 diabetes. It is an effective drug for the condition, but up to 10 percent of people who take metformin experience side effects in the gastrointestinal GI system. One of these side effects is diarrhea. The GI side effects of metformin may resolve with time. Some people, however, might need to stop taking the medication if diarrhea does not resolve.
Other diabetes medications that can have a similar effect include GLP-1 receptor agonists and DPP-4 inhibitorsvommiting and diarea and diabetes, as well as statins. If bacterial overgrowth is behind a presentation of diabetic diarrhea, treatment involves reducing the number of bacteria in the body and allowing healing time. Controlling high blood glucose levels by treating diabetes is the first step toward preventing severe symptoms and complications, including diarrhea.
The first step in treating any wine and cancer of diarrhea is to drink water. Patients need to replace the lost fluids so that they vommiting and diarea and diabetes not become dehydrated.
People with severe cases of diarrhea may need to be given fluid directly into their vein. The focus in diagnosing diabetic diarrhea is separating it from other types of diarrhea that might stem from different vommiting and diarea and diabetes. Diabetic diarrhea is difficult to diagnose. It often does not present with uniform symptoms, often has a range of causes that work together, and sometimes resembles other types of diarrhea. While every person experiences different bowel movements, there are some symptoms that may indicate when a medical problem is present.
If these symptoms become apparent, discuss them with a physician, especially since they can lead to dehydration. Monitor the following characteristics of stools ahead of a visit to a doctor when passing stools, such as:.
When it comes to testing for and treating diarrhea, all the above conditions can contribute. People should keep a food diary to monitor for potential triggers.
A person could end up having another GI tract problem due to celiac disease or lactose intolerance. The doctor will often use both laboratory testing and a full clinical assessment to isolate the cause of diarrhea symptoms, especially when they relate to underlying diabetes complications. People with diabetes might find it difficult to prevent diarrhea, as complications such as autonomic neuropathy require wide-ranging, on-going management. People with long-term diarrhea should track their symptoms and discuss them with a doctor to determine and treat the underlying cause.
Viral gastroenteritis may cause abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever. If a person has celiac disease or lactose intolerance, dietary changes usually help to keep diarrhea and associated symptoms at bay, such as abdominal bloating. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, however, vommiting and diarea and diabetes, could cause chronic problems in the GI tract, possibly with recurring episodes of diarrhea. Additionally, diabetic diarrhea may be painless. The evaluation and treatment for diabetic diarrhea may not be as simple as diagnosing other causes of diarrhea.
If you find yourself with episodes of diarrhea that do not resolve over time, a physician can help you figure out the cause and find the appropriate treatment. If you have diabetic diarrhea, the treatment approach will likely have multiple factors and will include trying to control your blood glucose levels.
Article last updated by Adam Felman on Tue 25 September Visit our Diabetes Type 1 category page for vommiting and diarea and diabetes latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Diabetes Type 1, vommiting and diarea and diabetes. All references are available in the References tab. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency EPI. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in diabetes mellitus: A complication of diabetic neuropathy or a different type of diabetes?
Experimental Diabetes Research, A practical approach to gastrointestinal complications of diabetes. Diabetes Therapy, vommiting and diarea and diabetes, 7 3PMC Diabetes Care, 33 3ee Pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management.
Archives in Internal Medicine, 2 Diabetes and the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical Diabetes, 18 4. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
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Register for a free account Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. Register take the tour. Reviewed by Stacy Sampson, DO. Table of contents Diabetes and diarrhea Treatments for diarrhea Diagnosis Prevention. Diabetic diarrhea is often highly persistent and debilitating. Effects of diabetes on the body and organs. Managing diabates can help control its symptoms, vommiting and diarea and diabetes preventing diabetic diarrhea specifically can be difficult.
What are the main differences between diabetic diarrhea and other types? Other types of diarrhea may be more easily treatable and temporary than diabetic diarrhea.
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